Archived from the original on 21 June Prior to the invention of the microprocessor , a digital computer consisted of multiple printed circuit boards in a card-cage case with components connected by a backplane , a set of interconnected sockets. Laptop and notebook computers that were developed in the s integrated the most common peripherals. It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts. Inadequate case cooling and elevated temperatures around the CPU socket exacerbate this problem. If none was available, then the computer would perform tasks from other memory stores or display an error message, depending on the model and design of the computer and the ROM version.
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Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat Additional peripherals such as disk controllers and serial ports were provided as expansion cards.
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A case’s motherboard and power supply unit PSU form factor must all match, though some smaller form factor motherboards of the same family will yigabyte larger cases. Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices.
Motherboards are xnakart in a variety of sizes and shapes called computer form factorsome of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers. Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems.
LAN Optimizer – Intelligent optimization network management tool GIGABYTE LAN Optimizer is designed to allow the user to manage different types of network traffic so that data streams such as HD media, web browsing or online gaming can be prioritized, taking precedence over large data downloads that tend to strangle overall network bandwidth. Passive coolingor a single fan mounted on the power supplywas sufficient for many desktop computer CPU’s until the late s; since then, most have required CPU fans mounted on their heat sinksdue to rising clock speeds and power consumption.
This chipset determines, to an extent, the features and capabilities of the motherboard.
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It holds and allows communication between many of the crucial electronic components of a system, such as the central processing unit CPU and memoryand provides connectors for other peripherals. Archived from the original on 27 April Motherboards are generally air cooled with heat sinks often mounted on larger chips, such as the Northbridgein modern motherboards.
Non-operating system boot programs are still supported on modern IBM PC-descended machines, but nowadays it is assumed that the boot program will be a complex operating system such as Microsoft Windows or Linux.
A typical desktop computer has its microprocessormain memoryand other essential components connected to the motherboard. Archived from the original on 21 June However, many manufacturers deliver substandard capacitors,  which significantly reduce life expectancy.
Most motherboards have connectors for additional case fans and integrated temperature sensors to detect motherboard and CPU temperatures and controllable fan connectors which the BIOS or operating system can use to regulate fan speed. Laptop computers generally use highly integrated, miniaturized and customized motherboards.
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Each LAN and USB port is paired with a dedicated protection filter that can withstand high electrostatic discharges, protecting your system from common electrical surges and even direct lighting strikes. With the steadily declining costs and size of aanakart circuitsit is now possible to include support for many peripherals on the motherboard.
Similarly, the term mainboard is applied to devices with a single board and no additional expansions or capability, such as controlling boards in laser printers, televisions, washing machines and gigabyye embedded systems with limited expansion abilities.
The motherboard layout for laptops depends on the laptop case.
Charging results may vary by model. The ubiquitous S bus of the s is an example of this type of backplane system. Archived from the original on It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts. By combining many functions on one PCBthe physical size and total cost of the system may be reduced; highly integrated motherboards are thus especially popular in small form factor and budget computers.
However, the motherboards used in IBM-compatible systems are designed to fit various case sizes. These instructions initialized and tested the system hardware, displayed system information on the screen, performed RAM checks, and then loaded an initial program from a peripheral device.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiversity. From high current capable digital power delivery, performance-enhancing caching technologies, exclusive high-end audio features, advanced networking and device charging, gold plated hardware connectors and of course, killer good looks, GIGABYTE 8 series motherboards are in a class of their own. Standard motherboards use electrolytic capacitors to filter the DC power distributed around the board.
When power is first supplied to the motherboard, the BIOS firmware tests and configures memory, circuitry, and peripherals. Retrieved 21 June Leaking Capacitors Muck up Motherboards”. Business PCs, workstations, and servers were more likely to need expansion cards, either for more robust functions, or for higher speeds; those systems often had fewer embedded components.